Wild Mushroom Identification and Food Safety Class - SOUTH DAKOTA - AUG 9-10, 2024
Wild Mushroom Identification and Food Safety Class - SOUTH DAKOTA - AUG 9-10, 2024

Wild Mushroom Identification and Food Safety Class - SOUTH DAKOTA - AUG 9-10, 2024

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This 5 year mushroom foraging class meets the criteria required by OHP for the foraging and selling of wild mushrooms to food establishments in the state of South Dakota. Signups will receive a study guide and slides 1 month ahead of the class.

Please check this page for more details on how the food laws work in South Dakota. This class is not required for sales of mushrooms at the farmers market. But each Food establishment has to be approved by OHP to serve wild mushrooms if they follow these guidelines:

Food service establishments planning to utilize wild mushrooms will require approval from OHP.

Approval will be granted by OHP if the establishment maintains the following wild mushroom records:

1. Documented written buyer specifications that include:
a. Identification by the scientific name and the common name of the mushroom species.

  • Name and contact information of the person who identified the mushroom and the
    seller (if different).
  • Verification that the mushroom was identified while in the fresh state.
  • A statement as to the qualifications and training of the identifier, specifically
    related to mushroom identification.

2. Date or lot numbering system of when the wild mushrooms were utilized(to aid in traceability).

Approvals granted by OHP will be noted in the facility file of each food service establishment. Records are to be maintained by the food service establishment for a minimum of 2 years. Failure to secure OHP approval and/or to maintain all proper documentation as outlined above may result in denial of wild mushroom utilization and/or violation under the food source code regulation.

Limited to 40 people, and no refunds will be available for this event. We might be able to move you to another class in case of emergency.

This two day immersion into mushroom identification and food safety will teach details of mushrooms, their looks alikes, how to handle them, and all other details that are required by the SD Food Code. Attending the course does not guarantee a pass, you must pass the exams at the end of each day.

We are confident that you will pass if you take notes and also review and memorize the preliminary slides we send 1 month ahead of class. Course is pass/fail rating, meaning all mushrooms on course you have to pass.

Individual insurance may be required from purchasing agents such as restaurants who buy your product, or markets where you will sell them, so be prepared to show proof.

Your instructor will also be checking in on you periodically with your accounts to make sure you are following the programs guidelines and to report violations to the state Health Department or Department of Agriculture enforcing agency.

WHERE: Outdoor Campus West. Adventure Trail, Rapid City, SD 57702

ACCOMMODATIONS: For suggestions click here.

WHEN: Aug 9-10, 2024, 9am-5pm - Friday, Saturday

TAUGHT BY: Alan Carner

Alan Carner is the founder and owner of Black Hills Mushrooms LLC, a business dedicated to providing certified wild-harvested and cultivated mushrooms to local restaurants and farmers market shoppers.

Alan's journey began in Northern Indiana, where he and his family foraged for Morel and Oyster mushrooms. At 18, he moved to Alaska to work as a screen-printer, where he fell in love with the coastal climate and the diverse array of mushrooms found there. After seven years in Alaska, Alan relocated to the Black Hills of South Dakota, bringing with him a wealth of knowledge about mushrooms.

The Black Hills, often referred to as "The Island in the Plains," offered a perfect environment for Alan's passion. The area’s grassy plains, wooded Ponderosa Pine forests, and accompanying rivers and creeks create an ideal setting for mushroom hunting. In 2018, Alan established Black Hills Mushrooms LLC to share his passion with others.

In 2019, Alan furthered his expertise by attending Mushroom Mountain's Wild Mushroom Certification Class in Georgia. This experience deepened his knowledge and connected him with fellow mushroom enthusiasts. Upon returning to the Black Hills, he collaborated with Black Hills State University’s herbarium, aiming to offer educational mushroom courses in South Dakota. Alan’s goal is to teach people how to identify and collect mushrooms for personal consumption and contribute to the herbarium's research.

Alan invites you to join him in exploring the rich mushroom diversity of the Black Hills, promoting a community where everyone can learn, enjoy, and appreciate this remarkable environment.


- Food Safety Manager Certification (FSMC) - The Produce Safety Alliance (PSA), a collaboration between Cornell University, FDA, and USDA
- Wild Mushroom Safety - Mushroom Mountain
- Cottage Food Law Course - South Dakota State University





Arrive and Registration


  • Permit Overview and Guideline, Exam Description
  • Proper Handling, Storage, Packaging, Safety Regulations Ethics and Protecting Forests
  • Picking for Resale
  • State Guidelines
  • Deadly and Poisonous Toxins and Treatments



Ecology Walk and Collections




Gallery of Tested Species and Look Alike


Dissections and Specimen Discussions, Fresh and Dried


Review for Exam 1






Gallery of Permitted Mushrooms Species and Features


Lunch Break and Review for Exam on your own. Looping study slides


Final Exam


LUNCH IS NOT INCLUDED – You are responsible for paying for your lunch, food and drinks.

There are food stores nearby, otherwise pack a lunch both days and take advantage of the beautiful location!

BRING A PHOTO ID WITH YOU – We need to verify your identity and also take a photo for your permit. Not all of the mushrooms listed will be fruiting, however rehydrated specimens and slides showing dissections, color reactions, and exudates will be shown during the lectures and also used during the exam for you to make your selections confidently!

PLEASE BRING MUSHROOMS YOU PICKED A FEW DAYS AHEAD WITH YOU! This could help identification greatly in case of droughts or if they are between flushing, so bring what you can, store in the fridge in a paper bag and tote them along! Plus you can practice a few days before to get you in the groove.You must receive a 100% score on the mushroom identification for each mushroom to pass that species. There is no multiple choice or guessing. To make the most out of your weekend and to pass the exams at the end of each day, you will need to start preparing now! A few checklists for you to consider bringing, so make sure you start piling these into a basket and bring them or you will be at a disadvantage. Dress for hiking and also bring layers for coming back inside to the lectures as it may be in and out of hot and cold environments. We will be in tick and possibly chigger environments so be sure to bring spray or sulfur powder for spraying pant legs and socks, you will regret it! Items that you should bring to help you with identification and things you should consider carrying with you on all mushroom hunts:

  • Collecting Basket, Wicker or Peach Basket type
  • Bug Spray
  • Something to write on + pen(s)
  • Brown paper bags for collection
  • Walking sticks
  • Spore Print Paper or Q-Tips for Spore Collection
  • Snacks
  • Lots of Water
  • Rain Gear
  • Binoculars - optional
  • Change of Clothes
  • Sunscreen
  • Compass - optional
  • Mushroom Reference Guide
  • Cell Phone – make sure it is charged.
  • Camera


South Dakota Species List

  • Golden chanterelles (Cantharellus spp.)
  • All morels (Morchella spp.)
  • Black trumpet (Craterellus spp.)
  • Lobster (Hypomyces lactifluorum)
  • Truncated Club (Clavariadelphus truncatus)
  • Wood ears (Auricularia spp.)
  • Chicken of the woods (Laetiporus sulphureus/ Laetiporus sincinnatus)
  • Beefsteak (Fistulina hepatica)
  • Pheasant Back (Cerioporus squamosus)
  • Hedgehog (Hydnum repandum)
  • Hawks wing (Sarcadon imbricatus)
  • Lion's mane or Pom pom (Hericium spp.)
  • Oyster mushrooms (Pleurotus spp.)
  • Maitake (Grifola frondosa)
  • Blewits (Collybia nuda)
  • Honey (Armillaria spp., Armillariella spp.)
  • Blue milky (Lactarius indigo)
  • Saffron milk cap (Lactarius deliciosus)
  • Truffles(Tuber spp.)
  • Puffball (Lycoperdon spp., Calvatia spp.)
  • Reishi / Artist Conk (Ganoderma spp.)
  • Turkey tail (Trametes versicolor)
  • Chaga (Inonotus obliquus)
  • Shaggy mane (Coprinus comatus)
  • King boletes (Boletus edulis, B. rubriceps, B. barrowsii)
  • Matsutake (Tricholoma magnivelare)
  • Velvet foot/enoki (Flammulina spp.)
  • Shrimp russula/Green brittlegill (Russula xerampelina/Russula aeruginea)